Tinggalkan komentar

The Legendary Emerald Tablet

The Emerald Tablets

The Legendary Emerald Tablet

Asal-usul alkimia (mistisime) Barat dapat ditelusuri kembali ke Helenistik Mesir, khususnya ke kota Alexandria. Salah satu karakter yang paling penting dalam mitologi alkimia adalah Hermes Trismegistus (Hermes yang Thrice-Great). Nama tokoh ini berasal dari dewa Mesir kebijaksanaan, Thoth dan rekan Yunaninya, Hermes. The Hermetica, yang dikatakan ditulis oleh Hermes Trismegistus, umumnya dianggap sebagai dasar filsafat dan praktek alkimia Barat. Selain itu, Hermes Trismegistus juga diyakini penulis Emerald Tablet.

The origins of Western alchemy can be traced back to Hellenistic Egypt, in particular to the city of Alexandria. One of the most important characters in the mythology of alchemy is Hermes Trismegistus (Hermes the Thrice-Great). The name of this figure is derived from the Egyptian god of wisdom, Thoth and his Greek counterpart, Hermes. The Hermetica, which is said to be written by Hermes Trismegistus, is generally regarded as the basis of Western alchemical philosophy and practice. In addition, Hermes Trismegistus is also believed to be the author of the Emerald Tablet.

The Emerald Tablet dikatakan sebuah tablet batu zamrud atau hijau bertuliskan rahasia alam semesta. Sumber asli Emerald Tablet tidak jelas, karena itu dikelilingi oleh legenda. Legenda yang paling umum mengklaim bahwa tablet itu ditemukan di sebuah gua makam yang terbaring di bawah patung Hermes di Tyana, dicengkeram di tangan mayat Hermes Trismegistus sendiri. Legenda lain menunjukkan bahwa itu adalah anak ketiga dari Adam dan Hawa, Seth, yang awalnya menulis itu. Lainnya percaya bahwa tablet ini pernah diadakan dalam Tabut Perjanjian. Beberapa bahkan mengklaim bahwa sumber asli dari Emerald Tablet tidak lain adalah kota dongeng Atlantis.

The Emerald Tablet is said to be a tablet of emerald or green stone inscribed with the secrets of the universe. The source of the original Emerald Tablet is unclear, hence it is surrounded by legends. The most common legend claims that the tablet was found in a caved tomb under the statue of Hermes in Tyana, clutched in the hands of the corpse of Hermes Trismegistus himself. Another legend suggests that it was the third son of Adam and Eve, Seth, who originally wrote it. Others believed that the tablet was once held within the Ark of the Covenant. Some even claim that the original source of the Emerald Tablet is none other than the fabled city of Atlantis.

An artist’s impression of the Emerald Tablet

An artist’s impression of the Emerald Tablet . Photo source: Wikimedia.

Sementara berbagai klaim telah dibuat mengenai asal-usul Emerald Tablet, sebagai belum atau tidak ada bukti diverifikasi telah ditemukan untuk mendukung mereka. Sumber terdokumentasi tertua mengidentifikasikan teks Emerald Tablet adalah Kitab sirr al-khaliqi (Kitab Rahasia Penciptaan dan Seni Alam), yang kitab itu sendiri merupakan gabungan dari karya-karya sebelumnya. Ini adalah sebuah karya Arab yang ditulis dalam bad   8 Masehi, dan dikaitkan dengan ‘Balinas’ atau Pseudo-Apollonius dari Tyana. Adalah Balinas ini yang memberikan kita dengan cerita bagaimana ia menemukan Emerald Tablet di guamakam . Berdasarkan pekerjaan Arab ini, beberapa percaya bahwa Emerald Tablet adalah sebuah karya Arab yang ditulis antara 6 Thand 8 th abad Masehi, bukan sebuah pekerjaan dari Antiquity, seperti yang banyak diklaim.

Whilst various claims have been made regarding the origins of the Emerald Tablet, as yet, no verifiable evidence has been found to support them. The oldest documentable source of the Emerald Tablet’s text id the Kitab sirr al-haliqi (Book of the Secret of Creation and the Art of Nature), which was itself a composite of earlier works. This was an Arabic work written in the 8 thcentury A.D., and attributed to a ‘Balinas’ or Pseudo-Apollonius of Tyana. It is Balinas who provides us with the story of how he discovered the Emerald Tablet in the caved tomb. Based on this Arabic work, some believe that the Emerald Tablet was an Arabic work written between the 6 thand 8 th centuries A.D., rather than a piece of work from Antiquity, as many have claimed.

Sementara Balinas mengklaim bahwa Emerald Tablet ditulis awalnya dalam bahasa Yunani, dokumen asli yang ia konon dimiliki tidak ada lagi, jika memang ada sama sekali. Namun demikian, teks itu sendiri dengan cepat menjadi baik diketahui, dan telah diterjemahkan oleh berbagai orang selama berabad-abad. Misalnya, versi awal dari Emerald Tablet juga muncul dalam sebuah karya yang disebut the Kitab Ustuqus al-Uss al-Thani (Buku Kedua dari Elemen Yayasan), yang dikaitkan dengan Jabir bin Hayyan. Akan tetapi, mengambil beberapa abad lagi sebelum teks itu dapat diakses oleh orang Eropa. Dalam Masehi 12 abad, Emerald Tablet diterjemahkan ke dalam bahasa Latin oleh Hugo von Santalla.

Whilst Balinas claimed that the Emerald Tablet was written originally in Greek, the original document that he purportedly possessed no longer exists, if indeed it existed at all. Nevertheless, the text itself quickly became well known, and has been translated by various people over the centuries. For instance, an early version of the Emerald Tablet also appeared in a work called theKitab Ustuqus al-Uss al-Thani (Second Book of the Elements of the Foundation), which is attributed to Jabir ibn Hayyan. It would, however, take several more centuries before the text was accessible to Europeans. In the 12 th century A.D., the Emerald Tablet was translated into Latin by Hugo von Santalla.

A reconstruction of the Emerald Tablet

A reconstruction of what the Emerald Tablet is believed to have looked like by the International Alchemy Guild Image source .

The Emerald Tablet akan menjadi salah satu pilar alkimia Barat. Itu adalah teks yang sangat berpengaruh di abad pertengahan dan Renaissance alkimia, dan mungkin masih hari ini. Selain terjemahan dari Emerald Tablet, banyak komentar juga telah ditulis mengenai isinya. Misalnya, terjemahan oleh Isaac Newton ditemukan di antara kertas alkimia nya. Terjemahan ini saat ini ditahan di Perpustakaan Perguruan Tinggi Raja di Cambridge University. peneliti terkenal lainnya dari Emerald Tablet termasuk Roger Bacon, Albertus Magnus, John Dee dan Aleister Crowley.

The Emerald Tablet would become one of the pillars of Western alchemy. It was a highly influential text in Medieval and Renaissance alchemy, and probably still is today. In addition to translations of the Emerald Tablet, numerous commentaries have also been written regarding its contents. For instance, a translation by Isaac Newton was discovered among his alchemical papers. This translation is currently being held in King’s College Library in Cambridge University. Other notable researchers of the Emerald Tablet include Roger Bacon, Albertus Magnus, John Dee and Aleister Crowley.

Interpretasi dari Emerald Text bukanlah hal yang mudah, karena setelah semua sepotong teks esoteris. Satu penafsiran, misalnya, menunjukkan bahwa teks tersebut menggambarkan tujuh tahap transformasi alkimia – kalsinasi, pembubaran, pemisahan, hubungannya, fermentasi, distilasi dan koagulasi. Namun, meskipun berbagai penafsiran yang tersedia, tampaknya bahwa tidak ada penulis mereka mengaku memiliki pengetahuan tentang seluruh kebenaran. Selain itu, pembaca dianjurkan untuk membaca teks dan mencoba untuk menafsirkan dan menemukan kebenaran yang tersembunyi sendiri.

The interpretation of the Emerald Text is not a straightforward matter, as it is after all a piece of esoteric text. One interpretation, for instance, suggests that the text describes seven stages of alchemical transformation – calcination, dissolution, separation, conjunction, fermentation, distillation and coagulation. Yet, despite the various interpretations available, it seems that none of their authors claim to possess knowledge of the whole truth. Furthermore, readers are encouraged to read the text and try to interpret and find the hidden truths themselves.

Featured image: A reconstruction of what the Emerald Tablet is believed to have looked like by the International Alchemy Guild Image source .

By Ḏḥwty

References

Beyer, C., 2014. http://altreligion.about.com/od/westernocculttraditio1/p/Emerald-Tablet.htm. [Online]
Available at: http://altreligion.about.com/od/westernocculttraditio1/p/Emerald-Tablet.htm

Clark, R., 2013. Rawn’s Commentary upon the Emerald Tablet of Hermes. [Online]
Available at: http://www.abardoncompanion.de/EmeraldTablet.html

Hart, E., 2006. The Emerald Tablet. [Online]
Available at: http://www.theosophy-nw.org/theosnw/world/med/me-elo4.htm

[Accessed 10 August 2014].MacFarlane, I. C., 2005. The Emerald Table of Hermes. [Online]
Available at: http://www.endlesssearch.co.uk/philo_emerald_tablet.htm

Sacred-Texts, 2014. The Emerald Tablet of Hermes. [Online]
Available at: http://www.sacred-texts.com/alc/emerald.htm

 

Iklan

Tinggalkan Balasan

Isikan data di bawah atau klik salah satu ikon untuk log in:

Logo WordPress.com

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Logout / Ubah )

Gambar Twitter

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Logout / Ubah )

Foto Facebook

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Logout / Ubah )

Foto Google+

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Logout / Ubah )

Connecting to %s

Atlantis in the Java Sea

A scientific effort to match Plato’s narrative location for Atlantis

sembrani

bertukar ide, melampaui mimpi bersama

Nurul Wirda

Semerbak Mawar yang dengan senang hati memancarkan Cahayanya

aawanto

The greatest WordPress.com site in all the land!

Covert Geopolitics

Beyond the Smoke & Mirrors

Catatan Harta Amanah Soekarno

as good as possible for as many as possible

Women Terrace

to say something that i never talk before

Kanzunqalam's Blog

AKAL tanpa WAHYU, akan berbuah, IMAN tanpa ILMU

Cahayapelangi

Cakrawala, menapaki kehidupan nusantara & dunia

religiku

hacking the religion

SANGKAN PARANING DUMADI

Just another WordPress.com site

WordPress.com

WordPress.com is the best place for your personal blog or business site.

%d blogger menyukai ini: