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Tiga Mazhab Utama Filsafat Islam; Ibnu Sina, Suhrawardi, dan Ibnu ‘Arabi

Batasan-batasan apa yang melingkari sebuah filsafat sehingga bisa disebut sebagai filsafat Islam? Jika filsafat Islam adalah filsafat yang lahir dari pemikiran orang Islam, lalu mengapa tidak disebut filsafat muslim? Apa sebenarnya corak pembeda dari sebuah filsafat sehingga disebut sebagai filsafat Islam?

Di dalam buku ini, Seyyed Hossein Nasr mendiskusikan tiga ahli hikmah muslim termasyhur, yaitu Ibnu Sina (Avicenna), Suhrawardi, dan Ibnu ‘Arabi, yang diharapkan bisa mengekspresikan—melalui mereka—sudut pandang tiga mazhab penting dalam filsafat Islam, yaitu ilmuwan-filsuf, iluminasionis, dan sufi. Dalam totalitas mereka masing-masing, ketiga tokoh ini menampilkan aspek signifikan dari intelektualitas Islam—menyingkap cakrawala-cakrawala yang telah menentukan kehidupan intelektual banyak ahli hikmah terkemuka dalam Islam.Buku yang ada di genggaman Anda ini memberikan sumbangan penting dalam memberikan pemahaman yang lebih luas tentang filsafat Islam, dengan berusaha melihat dari dalam dan tidak terjebak dalam perspektif Barat. Nasr mampu membuat kita lebih mendalami kekayaan dan pluralitas pandangan dan aliran dalam Islam, dengan mengkaji pandangan dan pengaruh Ibnu Sina, Suhrawardi, dan Ibnu ‘Arabi dalam filsafat Islam secara khusus dan pemikiran secara umum. Inilah bacaan awal yang tepat bagi mereka yang ingin mempelajari filsafat Islam.

Selamat menyelami samudra khazanah filsafat Islam.(less)

Paperback, 244 pages
Published October 2014 by Ircisod
ISBN13
9786022557098
edition language
Indonesian
other editions

Seyyed Hossein Nasr

Author profile

born

in Tehran, Iran

April 07, 1933
gender
male
website
genre
influences
Frithjof Schuon
About this author

Seyyed Hossein Nasr
Seyyed Hossein Nasr was born on April 7, 1933 (19 Farvadin 1312 A.H. solar) in Tehran into a family of distinguished scholars and physicians. His father, Seyyed Valiallah, a man of great learning and piety, was a physician to the Iranian royal family, as was his father before him. The name “Nasr” which means “victory” was conferred on Professor Nasr’s grandfather by the King of Persia. Nasr also comes from a family of Sufis. One of his ancestors was Mulla Seyyed Muhammad Taqi Poshtmashhad, who was a famous saint of Kashan, and his mausoleum which is located next to the tomb of the Safavid king Shah Abbas, is still visited by pilgrims to this day.

Seyyed Hossein Nasr, currently University Professor of Islamic Studies at the George Washington University, Washington D.C. is one of the most important and foremost scholars of Islamic, Religious and Comparative Studies in the world today. Author of over fifty books and five hundred articles which have been translated into several major Islamic, European and Asian languages, Professor Nasr is a well known and highly respected intellectual figure both in the West and the Islamic world. An eloquent speaker with a charismatic presence, Nasr is a much sought after speaker at academic conferences and seminars, university and public lectures and also radio and television programs in his area of expertise. Possessor of an impressive academic and intellectual record, his career as a teacher and scholar spans over four decades.

Professor Nasr began his illustrious teaching career in 1955 when he was still a young and promising, doctoral student at Harvard University. Over the years, he has taught and trained an innumerable number of students who have come from the different parts of the world, and many of whom have become important and prominent scholars in their fields of study.

He has trained different generations of students over the years since 1958 when he was a professor at Tehran University and then, in America since the Iranian revolution in 1979, specifically at Temple University in Philadelphia from 1979 to 1984 and at the George Washington University since 1984 to the present day. The range of subjects and areas of study which Professor Nasr has involved and engaged himself with in his academic career and intellectual life are immense. As demonstrated by his numerous writings, lectures and speeches, Professor Nasr speaks and writes with great authority on a wide variety of subjects, ranging from philosophy to religion to spirituality, to music and art and architecture, to science and literature, to civilizational dialogues and the natural environment.

For Professor Seyyed Hossein Nasr, the quest for knowledge, specifically knowledge which enables man to understand the true nature of things and which furthermore, “liberates and delivers him from the fetters and limitations of earthly existence,” has been and continues to be the central concern and determinant of his intellectual life.
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