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APOKALIPTIK PERANG SURIAH

APOKALIPTIK PERANG SURIAH

by Abdul Hadi Wm on Wednesday, August 1, 2012 at 11:58pm ·

DAVID COOK, ESKATOLOGI ISLAM DAN KEBIJAKAN TIMUR TENGAH NEGARA BARAT

Serangan AS dan sekutunya NATO berturut-turut atas Afghanistan dan Iraq telah berlalu hampir satu dasawarsa. Kini ketegangan beralih dari dua negeri yang telah luluh lantak itu ke Suriah.  Seperti diberitakan media AS dan sekutunya  (baca NATO dan Liga Arab yang dimotori Arab Saudi) sedang mempersiapkan latihan perang besar-besaran di Yordania. Berbeda dengan pasca  serangan AS atas Afghanistan dan Iraq, di mana pusat persoalan berkaitan dengan kebijakan Timur Tengah dan Minyak dibungkus dengan Perang Melawan Terorisme dan penghancuran senjata pembunuh missal, sekarang tujuan serangan atas Syria ialah membantu opisisi yang ditindas rezim yang sedang berkuasa.

Kevin Phillips dalam bukunya American Theocracy mengatkan kebijakan Timur Tengan dan ambisi imperialisme minyak dengan kepercayaan apokaliptik dalam agama Yahudi, Kristen, dan Islam. Yaitu kepercayaan tentang akhir zaman atau sejarah yang akan didahului oleh perang besar-besaran antara pengikut Isa Almasih dengan Dajjal/Anti-Christ.

Berikut adalah pendapat David Cook, seorang sarjana Amerika yang mendalami masalah apokaliptisisme, dengan Rob Dreber.  February 28, 2003 9:00 a.m.

 SOUND UNFAMILIAR: UNDERSTANDING ISLAMIC END-TIMES BELIEF

Many Evangelical Christians in America are watching events unfold in the Middle East with great interest, seeing in the preparations for war the possible unfolding of the End-Times scenario predicted in the Bible. A small segment of ultraorthodox Judaism shares an apocalyptic vision, centering around rebuilding the Temple on Mount Zion (where the Islamic Dome of the Rock Shrine and al-Aqsa mosque, now sit). What many Americans don’t realize, though, is that Islam also has an eschatological endgame, and that like any Left Behind-reading American, many Muslims see current events as a run-up to their own version of Armageddon.

Islam derives its Last-Days scenario from the Koran, which appeared centuries after the Christian Bible — a fact that for non-Muslims could account for elements of Christian and Jewish prophecy appearing in the Koranic text. Particularly since the mid-1980s, modern interpreters within Islam cast the Arab-Israeli conflict, and more broadly, the conflict between Islam and the West, as part of the cosmic conflict that will mean the end of history and the ultimate triumph of Islam. David Cook, a Rice University scholar of Muslim apocalypticism, sketches below the main themes of Islamic End-Times prophecy, and its ramifications:

Rod Dreher: What are the main beliefs of Islamic eschatology?

David Cook: Referring to Sunni Islam, the principal beliefs are: 1)There are a series of signs or portents previous to the end: moral and social decay, natural and cosmic disasters, and political events that will demonstrate in an incontrovertible manner that the end is about to happen. 2) A tempter, or Antichrist, called the Dajjal will appear and lead the world (with the exception of true Muslims) astray. Almost everyone will be subject to his tribulations, but just before he succeeds in annihilating the Muslims, Jesus will come down from the heavens and kill him.

3) There will be a messianic age, led by either Jesus or another messianic figure called the Mahdi. This latter figure will conquer the entire world and convert everyone to Islam. 4) After the time of the Mahdi, then Gog and Magog [cf. Ezekiel 38, 39; the Islamic version goes by the name Yajuj and Majuj] will invade the world and destroy it.

5) God will bring the world to an end.

Dreher: What sort of Muslim tends to make Islamic End-Times prophecy central to his piety?

Cook: Usually one without much hope in the likelihood that there will be positive changes that will benefit Islam in the immediate future. Such people can oftentimes be attracted by an apocalyptic, destroy-it-all framework or long for the messianic age.

Dreher: How popular is apocalypticism at the present moment among Middle Eastern Muslims?

Cook: In certain areas, quite popular. Radical Muslims (followers of or sympathizers with al Qaeda) have responded to their setbacks during the recent past by publishing large numbers of apocalypses, and mahdi scenarios. Among Palestinians, apocalyptic speculations are also quite prominent. I think that apocalypse as a genre has become less popular in Egypt than it was 3-4 years ago, however, and Algerian radicals no longer use apocalyptic motifs either.

Dreher: If one is reading current events through the lens of contemporary Islamic prophecy, what will one see?

Cook: Many of the apocalyptic wars before the appearance of the Dajjal speak of Christian powers invading Muslim lands. This is the interpretation of the [seemingly imminent] Iraq war. The Dajjal is said to be a Jew, and will blaspheme the area of Jerusalem. Ariel Sharon is usually made to fit that bill. Among radical Muslims, the Mahdi is oftentimes said to be either Mullah Omar or in some cases Osama bin Laden. One of the traditions says: “The Prophet of Allah promised us a raid on India” which is widely cited by Pakistani radicals.

Dreher: Given the central role the Temple Mount plays in the End-Times beliefs of certain fervent Jews, Christians, and Muslims, what kind of trouble might we see there in the event of Middle Eastern war?

Cook: Right now the Temple Mount is effectively closed. It will probably always be the center of scary predictions and fears for Muslims as long as Israel has any power or influence in the region, but I don’t foresee any necessary reason why the Temple Mount should be a focus. Most of the material published now speaks of wars and apocalypses on a grand scale; the materials on the Temple Mount were all because of the fear that Israel would rebuild the Temple in the year 2000 (perhaps contributing to the explosion of the second Intifada during Sept. 2000).

Dreher: In the secular West, we tend to discount the role religious visions play in driving or at least shaping world affairs. If you were advising the president on what he could do to avoid provoking unnecessarily Muslims who believe strongly in Islamic prophecy, what would you tell him?

Cook: I would tell him to convert to Islam if I were trying to get him to avoid provoking Muslims who believe strongly in Islamic prophecy. There is probably no other way to avoid provoking them. For them, Bush is easily cast into the role of Pharaoh, the Dajjal (for those who aren’t satisfied with Sharon as the one). He is usually referred to as the Hubal (the name of a pre-Islamic idol) of this age, which signifies that there is no chance to mollify this type of people.

Dreher: It doesn’t matter whether or not a particular prophetic vision is true; what matters is how it affects the actions of those who do believe it’s true. With that in mind, what kind of problems could Islamic apocalypticism pose for the United States as it attempts to foment governmental and society change on Middle Eastern populations through force?

Cook: The basic problem is that our actions could, in the perception of large numbers of the population, coincide with apocalyptic interpretations. If this is the case then it will serve to radicalize people, and raise the stakes that much higher for the apocalyptic groups. If they view the situation (or perhaps I should say if enough of them, or enough of those placed in the right place) as an apocalyptic one, then they will respond accordingly.

Dreher: I guess what I’m getting at with this last question is this: How cooperative will Islamic populations be with the forces of a man, George W. Bush, whom they may see as their version of the Antichrist?

Cook: It depends upon the issue of perceived victory, I think. No one challenges the victory of the U.S. in Afghanistan because it was complete (more or less) and legitimate (or perhaps legitimized by the new Afghan government). If that is perceived to be the case in Iraq, then the result could be exactly the opposite. What should not happen is for something to drag out; in hindsight that was the problem with both the Oslo negotiations and the blockade of Iraq. They were lengthy and people forgot the original reasons why they were the way they were, and then allowed themselves to be swayed by radical and apocalyptic interpretations of events.

AUTHOR’S NOTE: For a more detailed description of Islamic eschatalogy, see this article by Cook, who is affiliated with Boston University’s Center for Millenial Studies.

CATATAN ; MASALAH TANDA-TANDA AKHIR ZAMAN TIDAK DIPAPARKAN DALAM AL-QUR’AN, MELAINKAN DALAM SEJUMLAH HADIS. DAVID COOK SENGAJA BERPENDAPAT BAHWA MASALAH APOKALIPTIK  SECARA TERSURAT DIKEMUKAKAN DALAM AL-QUR’AN, PADAHAL HANYA SECARA TERSIRAT.

Tentara PBB di bukit Goland.

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    • Abdul Hadi Wm

      Note ini kami unggah bukan disebabkan setuju dengan pendapat David Cook dan pewawancaranya. Sekadar informasi bahwa di belakang perang fisik yang terjadi di Timur Tengah skarang, sebenarnya juga tengah berlangsung perang apokaliptik didasa

      rkan pada kepercayaan agama. Bahayanya tentu saja memecah belah umat yang satu dengan umat yang lain, bahkan madzab yang satu dengan mazhab yang lain dalam agama yang sama baik Islam, Kristen maupun Yahudi.
      8 hours ago · Like · 6
    • Billy Joe Hernandez Betul prof, seperti disebut di note, ada perbedaan interpelasi atau pandangan yang sering kali hingga berseteru ataupun berperang.
      8 hours ago via mobile · Like
    • Mas Bowosareh Juga isyarat ‘bahaya lisan’,, hati2 politik adu domba
      (sprti lagunya Rhoma)
      mngkn tepat di bln
      ini sbgai perenungan ya, prof’
      7 hours ago via mobile · Like
    • Fathor Rasi Bg mrk ‘perang adalah bisnis’ prof! Sedangkan liga arab telah mengingkari takdirnya dalm arti bhwa Allah menciptakan mereka sbg pendekar yg muncul dr padang pasir tandus sbg cermin dr ketangguhan & kegagahan sbgmn pendahulu mereka, kini mereka meleleh ditelan kepentingan2 imperialist modern
      7 hours ago via mobile · Like
    • Abdul Hadi Wm ‎@ Billy Joe Hernandez : Ya, maksud saya supaya kita mawas diri saja. Tidak terjebak propaganda, berita atau bahkan pendapat menyesatkan yang ingin mengalihkan perhatian kita dari pokok persoalan sebenarnya. Silakan baca note saya tentang US-Iran Apocalyptic.
      7 hours ago · Like · 1
    • Abdul Hadi Wm ‎@ Mas Bowosareh : Benar. Kita sering disesatkan berita atau tulisan di media dalam negeri bahwa situasi di Timur Tengah hanya kesalahan pemerintah di Timur Tengah, dan bersih dari kterlibatan tangan/rekayasa AS, Israel dan Sekutunya NATO.
      7 hours ago · Like
    • Abdul Hadi Wm ‎@ Fathor Rasi : Kalau mereka bisa bikin bisnis berita, kenapa kita juga tak boleh? Asal untuk tujuan yang benar.
      7 hours ago · Like
    • Andino Efendo Mario Betul, kenapa “kita” tidak bisa. Karena tidak bisa itulah saya kira itulah masalahnya, kenapa kita itu sering bertikai. Jadi bukan masalah agama, masalahnya karena belum menemukan, yaitu masalah “tidak (belum) bisa” itu tadi….ha ha ha
      7 hours ago · Edited · Like
    • Abdul Hadi Wm ‎@ Andino Efendo Mario : Karena kurang pendidikan ya, eh kurang edukasi. Oh, edukasi!
      7 hours ago · Like
    • Fathor Rasi Westernisasi n indoktrinasi nilai2 n image Barat begitu mudah krn mrk punya CNN dll sedangkan para reporter mereka berkeliarn di timteng dengan membeberkan sisigelapnya sj. Cinanisasi jg berlangsung efektif melalui diaspora mrk (tionghoa) diseluruh belahan dunia. Umat islam masih sibuk bicara ‘saya’ bukan ‘kita’ ‘minna’ dan ‘minhum’ termasuk gab menganga sunni-syiah di timteng
      7 hours ago via mobile · Like
    • Andino Efendo Mario Bisa jadi, tapi menurut saya, lebih baik kita tidak bisa dari pada ikut menipu dunia….ha ha
      7 hours ago · Like
    • Abdul Hadi Wm ‎@ Fathor Rasi : Untunglah sekarang ini semakin banyak orang sadar bahwa berita-berita yang disiarkan media massa, juga ilmu atau pandangan yang dihamburkan melalui saluran media, harus disaring terlebih dahulu sebelum dicerna dan dipercaya kebenaran dan relevansinya. Tak sedikit mengandung tipu muslihat, misalnya untuk mengalihkan persoalan.
      6 hours ago · Like · 1
    • Abdul Hadi Wm ‎@ Andino Efendo Mario : Bagaimana kalau tenryata bisa?
      6 hours ago · Like
    • Abdul Hadi Wm ‎@ Fathor Rasi : Tantangan internal dalam tubuh umat Islam juga sedemikian berat untuk diatasi dan dijadikan modal memecahkan masalah di Timur Tengah sekarang ini. Juga perpecahan dalam tubuh bangs Arab. Penguasanya lebih tergiur dengan kesenangan duniawi yang dicapai dngan kekuasaan.
      6 hours ago · Like
    • Abdul Hadi Wm ‎@ Andino Efendo Mario : Apa itu karena Salah Asuhan atau keliru edukasi?
      6 hours ago · Like
    • Abdul Hadi Wm ‎@ Fathor Rasi : Tak ada alasan bisa diberikan untuk menyangkal anggapan bahwa apa yang terjadi di Suriah sebenarnya telah digodog lama dan merupakan buah dari rekayasa negara-negara besar yang berhasil mempengaruhi internal Liga Arab.
      6 hours ago · Like
    • Andino Efendo Mario Kalau ternyata bisa, ya dunia pasti menyambut dengan tangan terbuka. Karena itu yang dinanti-nanti, apalagi dunia sekarang ini buntu kayaknya…..
      6 hours ago · Like
    • Abdul Hadi Wm ‎@ Andino Efendo Mario : Usus buntu, hidung buntu, hukum buntu, apalagi?
      6 hours ago · Like
    • Andino Efendo Mario Ha ha ha iya Prof, pokoknya kebuntuan dunia ini sudah kelihatan hampir lengkap deh. Optimistik yang digembar-gemborkan oleh para pemimpin dunia sekarang ini, paling tinggal lagak doang…ha ha ha
      6 hours ago · Like
    • Hamdi Akhsan Prof, apakah ramalan perang akhir zaman yang terkonsentrasi di BUKIT MAGEDDO itu yang kini coba diledakkan oleh para biang perang di eropa dan timur tengah. Sangat menyedihkan, di sebahagian besar kalangan masyarakat timteng pengetahuan dan persiapan mengenai peristiwa itu sangat minim. Berbeda dengan Israel yang mengamalkan HADITS POHON GORGHOTH dengan nemanamnya jutaan di segala penjuru negeri mereka.
      5 hours ago · Like
    • Abdul Hadi Wm ‎@ Andino Efendo Mario : Kerennya optimisme gincu, kan?
      5 hours ago · Like
    • Abdul Hadi Wm ‎@ Hamdi Akhsan : Itulah kebodohan pemuka agama Islam. Malah tak sedikit memandangnya sebagai takhyul Memprihatinkan. Tetapi di kalangan tokoh Syoah, mendapat perhatian serius. Karena itu mereka lebih siap menghadapi perang akhir zaman sebagaimana diperlihatkan Iran sekarang ini.
      5 hours ago · Like
    • Parid Ridwanuddin terimakasih sudah share tulisan ini prof. salam hormat
      2 hours ago · Like
    • Ahmad Yanuana Samantho Terima kasih, Mohon Ijin Share ya Prof di : https://ahmadsamantho.wordpress.com/2012/08/02/apokaliptik-usa-iran/

      ahmadsamantho.wordpress.com

      APOKALIPTIK USA-IRAN by Abdul Hadi Wm on Thursday, August 2, 2012 at 1:21am ·  U…See More

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